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So far obpl has created 167 blog entries.

Plant shoot tip preservation

The cryopreservation of plant cell culture followed by the regeneration of plants broadly involves the following stages 1. Development of sterile tissue cultures 2. Addition of cryoprotectants and pretreatment 3. Freezing 4. Storage 5. Thawing 6. Re-culture 7. Measurement of survival/viability 8. Plant regeneration. Development of sterile tissue culture: The selection of plant species [...]

By |2018-05-08T04:06:46+00:00May 7th, 2018|Plant Tissue Culture|Comments Off on Plant shoot tip preservation

Methods for scaling up of cell cultures

A variety of useful products like interferon, hormones, interleukins, enzymes, antibodies, virus vaccines such as polio, measles, rabies etc. are obtained from cell cultures. For these objectives, scale up of cell cultures are essential and large scale fermentors of up to 10,000 liters are used for this purpose. The method employed to increase the [...]

By |2018-05-07T11:32:27+00:00May 7th, 2018|Fermentation|Comments Off on Methods for scaling up of cell cultures

Organs and systems of animals

Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia or Metazoa. Their body plan eventually becomes fixed as they develop, although some undergo a process of metamorphosis later on in their lives. Most animals are motile, meaning they can move spontaneously and independently. All animals must ingest other organisms or their products for sustenance. Most [...]

By |2018-05-05T11:50:41+00:00May 5th, 2018|Food Microbiology|Comments Off on Organs and systems of animals

Sex linkage

Sex chromosomes Apart from 22 paired chromosomes in humans which are known as autosomes there is one set of chromosomes in both males and females that are known as sex chromosome. This is called so because it determines sex of the person. In females all chromosomes are in homologous pair-XX and in male‘s heterozygous pair [...]

By |2018-05-05T11:37:14+00:00May 5th, 2018|Molecular Biology|Comments Off on Sex linkage

Somatic cell Hyberdization – Fusion of Protoplasts

Somatic cell hyberdization is a type of genetic modification in plants. In this process  a new hybrid plant produced  after the fusion of  two distinct species of plants. A new hybrid species   produced consist of characteristic of both. Hybrids have been produced either between different varieties of the same species or between two different species. [...]

By |2018-05-04T12:11:52+00:00May 4th, 2018|Molecular Biology|Comments Off on Somatic cell Hyberdization – Fusion of Protoplasts

Plants’ reaction to stress

Chemical stresses are either endogenous or exogenous. Endogenous Chemical Stress is the one, which are created inside our bodies. They are the result of improper diet or improper food combining. Toxins from outside the body are referred to as exogenous chemical stress. These are chemicals like food additives, pollution and drugs. They all have some [...]

By |2018-05-04T11:51:55+00:00May 4th, 2018|Plant Tissue Culture|Comments Off on Plants’ reaction to stress

Secondary Metabolites

These also known as secondary products or natural products, these are organic compounds that are not directly involved in the normal growth, development or reproduction of organisms and are not directly involved with photosynthesis, respiration, solute transport, translocation, protein synthesis, nutrient assimilation, or differentiation, or the formation of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Unlike primary metabolites, [...]

By |2018-05-04T11:10:18+00:00May 4th, 2018|Plant Tissue Culture|Comments Off on Secondary Metabolites

Genome Sequencing – High Throughput Sequencing

High throughput sequencing technologies play major role in studies on genomics, epigenomics, and transcriptomics. This technology is capable of sequencing multiple DNA molecules in parallel, enabling hundreds of millions of DNA molecules to be sequenced at a time. This advantage allows high throughput sequencing to be used to create large data sets, generating more [...]

By |2018-05-04T05:27:51+00:00May 3rd, 2018|Molecular Biology|Comments Off on Genome Sequencing – High Throughput Sequencing


It is the loss of water in the form of vapours from the living tissues of aerial parts of plant is termed as transpiration. This physiological phenomenon occurs in plants and living cells are involved in it. Various factors influence this process such as CO2, pH, hormones etc. Types of Transpiration Stomatal Transpiration This [...]

By |2018-05-07T11:59:06+00:00May 3rd, 2018|Plant Tissue Culture|Comments Off on Transpiration

Genome Sequencing – Chain Termination Method

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the sequence of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. It includes technology that is used to determine the order of the four bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine —in a strand of DNA. Method of Sequencing: Sanger sequencing This method is also known as the chain termination method. [...]

By |2018-05-04T05:29:08+00:00May 3rd, 2018|Molecular Biology|Comments Off on Genome Sequencing – Chain Termination Method

News Updates

  • An MoU was signed between Orbit Biotech and Govt of Punjab during the Progressive Punjab Invest Summit 2015.
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