Biotechnology is the field responsible for many of the things that makes our lives better. The field focuses on the interaction of biology and technologies, leading to a vast array of new products that are designed to enrich lives, make day-to-day living easier, and make us healthier. From vaccine production to genetic modification, biotechnology is everywhere – and as a result, biotechnology careers are quite promising for new graduates and post graduates.
Biotechnology careers typically require a bachelor’s degree for entry, but the field is filled with people who also hold master’s and doctoral degrees.
STEPS TO A CAREER IN BIOTECHNOLOGY:
1. Begin with right choice for training
2. Under Graduate Degree
3. Post Graduate Degree
4. Biotech Training programs
5. Perfect the on hand laboratory skills
BIOTECH TRAINING PROGRAMS:
Biotechnology certificate programs are designed for students who have completed their graduate studies or are in the middle of their undergraduate or post graduate programs and need more specialized training, or those who have their bachelor’s degree but didn’t get all the recommended courses to move into a biotech career.
The major courses in the certificate programs include:
1. Training in plant tissue culture.
2. Training in molecular biology.
3. Training in fermentation technology.
4. Training in microbiology.
Why should one opt for the plant tissue culture course?
Students enrolled in a enrolled in program in plant biotechnology primarily study the genetic structures and mechanisms of various plants. They learn how to use the genetic makeup of plants to engineer solutions to health and environmental issues. For example, they might learn how to genetically engineer plants so that they carry more nutrition or are more sustainable in the environment. Students enrolled in a bachelor’s degree program in the field study the basic concepts of botany, soil science, genetics, chemistry, microbiology, plant science and statistics.
Why should one opt for the molecular biology course?
This science allows understanding of how the natural world works. It provides insights into the mechanisms of evolution, growth, development, reproduction and disease, plus tools to improve our quality of life. This may be through the development of a drug or drought-resistant crop plant or understanding what controls an individual’s health.
- Making connections between molecular mechanisms driving a process and the outcomes of those mechanisms on the physiology and/or behavior of an organism allows understanding of biological organisation and function, from molecules to cells, tissues, organs and the entire organism.
- Molecular biology is the outgrowth of the ascendance of biology, chemistry and physics. Medicine has been the beneficiary of this development. While during the last 40 years physics has changed our understanding of the universe, molecular biology has altered our ideas of the function of primitive and advanced organisms.
- Molecular biology has opened new vistas to the recognition and treatment of a number of diseases. Molecular biology is defined as life processes at the cellular level, that is at a level so small (molecular) that they cannot be perceived or measured by classical chemical or anatomical means. Consequently, molecular biology originated simultaneously with our ability to perform measurements and structural observation at the “molecular” level.
- The world’s future depends on it as it can explain what is life. Physics and chemistry are centered around the periodic table inorganically but a biochemist demonstrates emergence of life in it with the major elements of life being C, N, O and H.
Why should one opt for the microbiology course?
- Microbiologists are the scientists, that study microorganisms & infectious agents which cannot be seen with the unaided eye.
- Microbiologists study the interactions of microorganisms with other organisms & humans, which exist & affect our lives.
- Their role is to ensure our food is safe, develop green technologies, treat and prevent disease or track the role of microbes in the climate change.
- Microbiologists work in many different job areas, in a variety of different job roles. Microbiologists can make careers in research and non-research fields.
- There are various options available to Microbiologists after studying for a Microbiology degree.
- Microbiologists can choose to stay in education & do a master degree or Ph.D. in microbiology. One can decide to enter the job market after graduation degree.
- Microbiologists can work in both governments as well as in private sectors.
- With a degree in microbiology, one can get opportunities in various fields like:
• Healthcare organizations,
• Forensic science laboratories,
• Environmental organizations,
• Higher education institutions,
• Food and drink, research organizations, pharmaceuticals and many other industries.
- In the medicine and healthcare field, microbiologists’ work is usually associated with prevention & treatment of illnesses linked with microbes.
Why should one opt for the fermentation technology course?
The course is designed to give students a global vision of the wine industry and give training in viticulture and oenology.
Career option after the fermentation technology course:
- Wine Taster or the Sommelier – After a wine is produced and is ready for bottling, the sample should pass to professional tasters and these professional tasters are the sommeliers.
- Vineyard Manager: The responsibility of a Vineyard manager is manage a vineyard or winery. Their work involves selecting suitable crop varieties, assessing maturity of grapes; supervise planting, irrigation, pest control, pruning and picking.
- Researcher: Interested person can do research work by studying new varieties of grapes and their suitability for different regions, and disease control.
- Cellar Manager: Cellar manager is the person who manages wine making equipment.
THESE COURSES ARE FOR THOSE WHO:
This course is ideal if you need to carry out laboratory work but lack the confidence to do so due to a change in career or lack of recent time in the lab.
1. Are about to start a Ph.D. and have limited lab experience.
2. Have recently changed roles/jobs/subjects and need to update their laboratory skills.
3. Are starting lab-based projects or a job and want more experience.
4. Are about to embark on a career in the industry and need a crash course in molecular biology, fermentation technology, plant tissue cultures or food microbiology.
LEARNING OUTCOMES OF THE ABOVE COURSES:
By the end of these courses one should be able to:
1. Safely, accurately and appropriately use all the equipment regularly used in DNA extraction, including balances, pipettes, electrophoresis, centrifuges and PCR.
2. Prepare stocks, chemical solutions and reagents to the precision appropriate to the experiment.
3. Understand the biochemical basis behind the molecular biology techniques taught in the classes.
4. Independently transmit gene into a plasmid vector (from RNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction, ligation, bacterial transformation, to DNA extraction, DNA ligation and digestion).
5. Making competent cells and transforming them.
6. Carry out molecular biology experiments and interpret the results.
7. Make the callus using any part of the selected plant as explants.
8. Perform organogenesis.
9. Make wine and perform distillation and various tests.